Group 12

The Incan Empire: Disease and Demise

Sophia Naumoff and Talon Wolter

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The Incan Empire was a vast and advanced civilization sweeping down the spine of South America, in the Andean region. Upon entering the Incan Empire, Spanish conquistadors probably assumed that they were in for great anguish; conquering the greatest civilization in the New World wouldn’t be easy, would it?  Upon arrival, however, the Spanish found a civilization tattered by broken relations and fallen leaders.  Smallpox had taken the lives of all Incan successors. Or had it? And if it did, who would lead them in their fight against the Spanish?

Further Reading 

Cartwright, Mark. “Pizarro & the Fall of the Inca Empire,” November 12, 2020.–the-fall-of-the-inca-empire/. 

Crosby, Alfred W. “Conquistador y Pestilencia: The First New World Pandemic and the Fall of the Great Indian Empires.” Hispanic American Historical Review. Duke University Press, August 1, 1967. 

de la Vega, Garcilaso, and Paul Rycaut. “Royal Commentaries. BOOK IX.” Accessed November 16, 2020. 


DOBYNS, HENRY F. “AN OUTLINE OF ANDEAN EPIDEMIC HISTORY TO 1720.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 37, no. 6 (1963): 493-515. Accessed November 16, 2020.    

Smith, C. T., Search for more articles by this author, G. H. S. Bushnell, Henry F. Dobyns, Thomas McCorkle, and John V. Murra. “Depopulation of the Central Andes in the 16th Century [and Comments and Reply].” Current Anthropology. Accessed November 16, 2020.